1-The greatest film of all time by the master of editing made at age 27 in 1925. Name this great film and its creator.
The Battleship Potemkin directed by the Russian filmmaker, Sergei Eisenstein in 1925, at age 27, portraying the mutiny that occurred in the first defeated Russian revolution of 1905, when the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin rebelled against their officers. This great silent film that has been voted the best film of all time by many international filmmakers and critics many times from its inception to this day, has influenced many other films in part or in whole.
2-Name the film and the actor.
Joker is a 2019 American Psychological thriller produced and directed by Todd Philips who co-wrote the screenplay with Scott Silver. The best screen performance of Joaquin Phoenix as the Joker, a failed stand-up comedian who was thrown into insanity, nihilism and murder spree.
3-Name this film and the actress.
The last great American film in 2008, The Reader is Based on the German novel of the same name by Bernhard Schlink, a lawyer, judge and an academic in addition to be a novelist, published in 1995. The film that was produced by Anthony Minghella and Sydney Pollack (who both died before the release of the film) was directed by Stephen Daldry, a playwright with many works in London and Broadway who turned to the feature filmmaking from 2000 with “Billy Elliot” then “The Hours” in 2002 before making “The Reader” in 2008 with the assistance of the screen writer, David Hare. A melange of the fulfillment in sexual desires and romantic sincere relationship of a teenage boy and a beautiful woman in her 30's, the film in a sudden twist turns to probing into a secret past in search of truth, honesty, lies, deception and the guilt not only at a personal level but also at a national stage. The superb performance by Kate Winselt earned her first Academy, Golden Globe and BAFTA awards among others.
4-Name this film and its director
A fairy tale like no others, rooted in the real time and through the eyes and mind of a young girl, Ofelia (Ivana Baquero) who seeks escape from the sad and torturous reality of her life to a fantasy world. Written and directed by the Mexican filmmaker, Guillermo del Toro, the film is a just right collaboration and production of the Mexicans and Spaniards that went beyond its language borders of Spanish speaking lands and took the world by surprise and accolades. A fairy tale happening in the worst history chapter of Spain under the fascist government of general Franco, shows the brutality of the regime in killing in physics and spirit the dream of a free democracy. Ofelia as a little girl represents the whole people of Spain whose dream of freedom was crashed by an organized international fascicm, so for the rest of their lives they seek their unfulfilled national dream in fairy tale like this. Winner of three academic awards for best cinematography (Guillermo Navarro), best art direction (Eugenio Caballero) and best makeup (David Marti & Montse Ribe), the film was also the winner of best foreign language film at BAFTA, the best film at Ariel Awards in Mexico, and the best international science fiction at the Saturn Awards. Moreover the film was recognized as the best film of 2006 by The Observer, Salon, Roger Ebert of Chicago Sun-Times, New York Post, and the Time magazine. Receiving 22 minutes standing ovation at its premier at the Cannes Film Festival, one of the longest in the festival’s history and a standing ovation at its premier in the Toronto Film Festival, the film is also Metacritic’s best reviewed film of 2000s decade.
5-Pleaded by the father of Hollywood at the introduction of his still controversial but classic film in 1915. Name the film and him.
The birth of a nation, is an American epic movie about how this country was unified and became The United States of America or USA as we know it today. This frontier movie or the first major American feature film was made by David Wark Griffith (1875-1948) in 1915, at the time when Europe was burning in the World War I (1914-1919). The film was a pioneer in cinema with never seen before advanced camera and editing techniques, by the man who is collectively known as the Father of American Cinema or Hollywood. With a low budget cost of $110,000, it returned tens of millions of dollars in profits, making it, perhaps, the most profitable film of all time, taking into account the inflation rate. Despite all these, the film for its content of portraying Ku Klux Klan (KKK) as the saviours of the white south against the blacks during the “Reconstruction” era after the Civil War, has been widely condemned. This collective condemnation, not only affected the film at least in US later on, if not at the time, it also outrageously disgraced Griffith, who had made 500 films by the time of his death in solitude!
6-This film of 1976 by Sydney Lumet, only a year after his masterpiece, Dog Day Afternoon with Al Pacino and John Cazale proved this American director extra-ordinary talent and the main character of the film who did not live long enough to receive his academy award for the best performance. Name the film and the above actor.
Another great film from Sydney Lumet after his masterpieces of “12 Angry Men” of 1957, and “Dog Day Afternoon “ of 1975, comes a year later “Network “ in 1976. Like his other two great works that are explosive in content, discussion and arguments, this film is the ultimate of any outrageous film in exposing the capitalist system and its voice podium, the television. As Lumet has believed himself that a movie should be beyond just entertainment, to enlighten and move audience, “Network” did more than any of his films and any others’ films to the point of shock and surprise. The film is a harsh critic of the capitalist system, lack of freedom of thoughts and speech, all brain washed in the American people’s mind by the media and on the top by television networks to this very day.
7-He and his major film has been ranked by many great film lists as the greatest American filmmaker and film of all time. What is this great film and the filmmaker?
This great American film the master Orson Welles could be considered as a self-portray or self-depiction of Welles’ life himself in part. A an early age of 4, his parents were separated, and he lost his mother at age 9, when he had to be on the road and business trip his alcoholic father and looking after him, until his father's death when he was 15. Already having been hailed as an iconic actor in Broadway and on the screen, he shocked the world by the magnitude of his firs major film, Citizen Kane that has influenced the American cinema for many years to come.
8-Considered the greatest gangster film of all time, it was the final masterpiece of this great filmmaker. Name the film and the director.
Higher than Godfather and any other great gangster films of all time in our list, Once Upon a time in America, by Sergio Leone, the creator of Spaghetti Western and the dollar trilogy of “A fistful of Dollars”, “For a few Dollars more”, and “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly” who also brought Clint Eastwood to life as a popular actor, and after another masterpiece western, “Once upon a time in the West”proved him as an all around talented filmmaker. The son of the cinema pioneer director Vincenzo Leone (known as Roberto Roberti or Leone Roberto Roberti) and the silent film actress Edvige Valcarenghi (Bice Valerian), and a classmate of his later musical collaborator Ennio Morricone, Sergio Leone grew into cinema. So absorbed into filmmaking, watching often his father work on the film sets that he dropped out of law school to start his film career at age 18. His obvious talent in his films goes back to this early age of involvement in cinema, specially starting as a cinematographer , and being an assistant to Vittorio de Sica in filming “The Bicycle Thief”.
9-The first Korean Film to surprise the west and Hollywood as a commercial and cinematic success. Name the film and its director.
"Oldboy" of 2003, an unconventional in many ways, that soon ensued in an American copy with the same exact title, introduced South Korea and its director, Park Chan-wook to the world. Adapted from a Japanese comic book of the same name, Oldboy is the second chapter of a vengeance trilogy, preceded by “Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance” and followed by “Lady Vengenace”. An action-packed thriller chasing for revenge with violence and brutality beats all similar Hollywood films. The film strips bare open the human souls and hearts as Roger Ebert had described it. A double-edged “China Town”-like film, Oldboy is full of thrills, twists, actions, love, sex, hatred all under a psychological and moral analytic microscope. Winner of the Grand Prix at Cannes Film Festival, Oldboy went on to win many other festival awards across the globe. Unconventional of its own genre from the start to finish, the film was praised by many critics not just as another thriller but one with content and purpose that Hollywood could learn from.
10-Chaplin's first classic feature.
The Kid is Charlie Chaplin first full-length film as a director in 1921, after 7 years of creating the character of “The Tramp”, a vagrant with a big heart and dignity, helping the poor. Chaplin is undoubtedly the greatest single name in the history of cinema, an actor, writer, director, editor, producer and composer, or a man of all trades, impossible to match! Charlie Chaplin who goes beyond his films, is the only name in cinema who was known and is still well known by every child, adults and old, not only in US, but across the world. Chaplin who created the character of “the Tramp” earlier from the short film “Mabel’s strange predicament” starring Mabel Normand in 1914, continued with the same character in most of his filmography, so that the name of Charlie Chaplin equals “The Tramp”. This was so much so that Charlie was inseparable from his own character, that when in 1947 he made his first different character in “Monsieur Verdoux”, the world were in shock and hard to accept him in a different role. But since Chaplin was a genius, he shone in his latest films as well and was hailed by viewers and critics alike.
11-The first major feature film by the Iranian film master showed Afghanistan as a rich land captive in religious dogma in 21st century. Name the film and its creator.
Mohsen Makhmalbaf, the creator of Kandahar started his filmmaking more independently than the rest of the new wave filmmakers in Iran who rose out of the Institute for the intellectual development of children and young adults. Makhmalbaf holding free and revolutionary ideology from his teens, spending 5 years in the Shah’s jails for stabbing a policeman and released only on the wake of the Islamic revolution, soon used camera to bring the bitter neorealism of the suppressed Iranian an Afghan cultures under Islamic fanaticism. His second film “Boycott” in 1985 exposed the dictatorship regime of Shah in Iran through depicting the story of a political activist being charged with death sentence only for his communist ideology. With his third feature “The Peddler”, Makhmalbaf reached a global level of audience and proved to have mastery over the visual art of cinema, and not being only an intellectual ideologist. With his artistic and thoughtful use of camera, beautiful and colorful cinematography, masterful editing and mix of proper music scores, Makhmalbaf became a world level master of cinema, specially with “The Cyclist”. Kandahar or per its Persian’s title “A Journey to Kandahar” is the story of the journey of a young Afghan woman, Nafas (Nelofar Pazira) who had escaped Afghanistan years ago and now living safely in Canada as a journalist, is back to her war torn country to see her sister who has been left behind. Her sister who is now crippled by stepping on a mine has sent her a letter that she plans to commit suicide on her own behalf and the rest of women suffering in Afghanistan on the last solar eclipse of the millennium. Hence Nafas has only three days to reach her sister save her life, on her journey through a country ruled by Taliban, who treat women as a slave and material possession under cover of Burqa
12-A silent classic of 1924 by Erich von Stroheim, the subject and title of this great film has been repeated many times on the screen with no change in this dark side of the man. Name the film.
Greed is not only unique in many aspects of its originality and technicality, but in the way it was censored and cut to less than ¼ of its original (10 reels down from 42) and the way its creator was berated by the Metro-Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) studio. The original version of Greed has been called the “holy grail” for film archivists, as no one yet has been able to locate its lengthy original version of 42 reels. Greed is a frontier in great undertaking in filmmaking against all odds in the history of cinema. von Stroheim shot more than 85 hours of footage with perfection, spent two months in the heat of August shooting with his crew in Death Valley for the film’s final sequence, where he and many of the cast and crew became ill. Greed is the first feature film to be shot entirely on location and out of the studio. von Stroheim, who lived in poverty upon immigrating to America and before involvement in the film industry, set out to make a realistic film about everyday people and rejected the Hollywood tropes of glamor, happy endings and upper-class characters. Adapted in the subject story in many films in the later years, from “Gold Rush” of Chaplin to “The Treasure of Sierra Madre” of John Huston, Greed has had great influence on the future films, not only in the subject story but its technicality and concept.
13-A documentary feature of a real life story of a 12 years old Syrian refugee in Lebanon. Name the film and its heroic director.
“Capernaum” by Nadine Labaki starring a real life 12 years old Syrian refugee, is the neo-realism of our modern era. A story of the third world countries that struggle not just with poverty and day to day living, but being thrown out of their poor life situations as refugees to other countries. Zain (Zain Al Rafeea) a victim of such living condition, not knowing his age and why he was born to suffer demands suing his parents for bringing him to such a world. His parents themselves being victims of such unjust life situation, give his 11 years old sister, Sahar (Cedra Izam) away to marriage to a man and soon dies from heavy bleeding during pregnancy. A debut at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival to compete for the Palme d’Or, the film won the jury prize and the prize of Ecumenical jury and received a 15-minutes standing ovation. The highest grossing Arabic and middle east film of all time, with a low budget of only $4 million, the film earned over $68 million worldwide. Holding a 90% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 159 reviews, the film was nominated for numerous international film awards including academy awards, and it won the best direction at the Asia Pacific screen Awards, the most valuable film of the year at the Cinema for Peace Foundation, best foreign film and audience award at FICFA Festival, best international film at St. Louis International Film Festival, best acting award for Zain Al Rafeeand best young jury award at International Antalya Film Festival, and many audience awards at numerous international film festivals around the world.
14-The film that made its Spanish director known to the world. Name the film and the director.
The Spanish cinema came to the forefront of world attention with “Women on the verge of a nervous breakdown” by Pedro Almodovar. Raising professionally during this cultural renaissance and interested in experimental theatre and cinema, Almodovar used cinema as a medium to express his and his country revival to freedom. From his first feature debut, “Pepi, Luci, Bom” that he shot in 16mm in 1982 then blew it up into 35 mm feature to his “Women on the verge of a nervous breakdown” in 1988 that brought him to the global attention and his last film “Pain and Glory” that just released recently in 2019, Almodovar’s style like his master Louis Bunuel is unconventional, satirical, simultaneously dark and funny, and appealing to everyone from the lay to critical viewers.
15-A part of a popular Mafia film trilogy. Name this great part of the film trilogy and its creator.
Francis Ford Coppola) was released two years after the first part in 1974 has been ranked in our list of the greatest films of all time just above its classic premier of part I. Flashing back in time to how Vito Corleone escaped Sicily from being murdered like his father, mother and older brother, to the new land of America, the film unlike the first part is a historical and psychological analysis of organized crThe Godfather Part II (all the three parts of trilogy created by ime in making from a benevolent start to malevolent ending.
16-The first full animation feature film in 1937 by the father of animation pictures. Name the film and its creator.
If D.W.Griffith founded Hollywood and is the father of American Cinema, Walt Disney is the father of animation pictures and as everyone knows now the founder of Disney studio and any Disney theme parks and more. All these started by Walt Disney with a life risk taking adventure in 1937 in making “Snow white and the seven dwarfs”, the first full-length animation feature. Although the film was directed by David Hand and a few others and written by quite a few more, the mastermind behind the first animation feature that has so many re-releases and has been the gold standard of all feature animations, has been Walt Disney himself.
17-Chaplin's Great Film against labour exploitation of Capitalism.
This great Chaplin's film was made in 1936, in the midst of the great economic depression, unemployment and poverty all across the western world, particularly the United States. Chaplin after making two other great films, “Circus” in 1928 and “City Lights” in 1931, takes a break and travels to Europe, where he observes not only the impact of the great depression, unemployment and poverty, but the inception of other major events. Spain was fighting for socialism and democracy, and Germany was preparing to take his lost power in the first world war back by empowering his Nazi’s party and his leader, Adolf Hitler. When Chaplin returned to Hollywood and created “Modern Times” in 1936, the civil war in Spain between the social democratic republicans who held the government for almost a year (the first such in Europe out of Russia) and the rightists or phalanges had already started. At the same time Hitler, the head of the Nazi party, the largest elected party in German’s history, targeted his nation’s economy towards war and achieved a staggering reduction in the country’s unemployment of 6 millions in 1933 to 1 million in 1936. He withdrew from the league of nations and the world disarmament conference that was created after the World War I, signed the Anglo-German Naval Agreement with Britain, ordered Goring to implement a four year plan to prepare Germany for war, and assisted the dictator Franco of Spain to defeat the socialists and republicans against a universal attack against the growth of socialism.
18-The first and greatest anti-war films of all time.
“All Quiet on the Western Front” by Lewis Milestone is a prototype antiwar film, adapted from the same name novel by “Erich Maria Remarque”. Although the film won the best direction at the second Academy Awards and not the best picture, is on the list of 100 best American film of the American Film Institute and is considered one of the best American epic films. In 1990, the film was also selected and preserved by the United States Library of Congress’ National Film Registry as being deemed “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.” It could be easily said that this film is the frontier of all antiwar movies, and all such films in later years have been one way or another influenced by “All Quiet on the Western Front”.
19-Name the film and the actors.
While in early 1950’s, Hollywood was self-absorbed with movie themes about herself and awarding themselves like “All about Eve” and “Sunset Boulevard”, John Huston, once again after “The Treasure of Sierra Madre” broke the convention and took us beyond the borders with “The African Queen”. His “Treasures of Sierra Madre”, the first American film being shot out of Hollywood and on real location in the roughs of Mexico, was followed only a few of years later by “The African Queen”, shot in location in the East African rivers and jungle. This time in Technicolor, the film was not just rich in touching the human’s relationship and inner natures, but their struggles for survival in the wild and while at the stake of enemy at war.
20-Name the film and the director.
“Double indemnity” by Billy Wilder based on a year before novel of the same name by James Cain, has set a gold standard and prototype of a genre of mystery murder plot thriller, that followed by many alike such as Alfred Hitchcock’s “Dial M for Murder”(1954), “Diaboloique” of Henri-Georges Clouzot (1955), “Empire of passion” of Nagisa Oshima (1978) “The postman always rings twice” of Bob Rafelson (1981), “Basic instinct” of Paul Verhoeven (1992), “Fatal instinct” of Carl Reiner (1993), and finally the most recent “Gone Girl” of David Fincher (2014) among many more. Nominated for seven academy awards and received none, the film has at least been hailed by the critics from its first release and by AFI ranking it 38 in its first 1998 release of the 100 greatest American films and ranking it 29 on its second edition of 2007. The film not only boasts a genre prototype, but great acting of all the three main characters, Walter Neff played by Fred MacMurray, Phyllis Dietrichson played by Barbara Stanwyck, and Barton Keyes played by Edward G. Robinson who set another high standard for acting.
21-Name the film.
Cinema, though was invented in the late 19th century, but it took a couple of decades until 1920’s to come to fruition, and produce great films that some great ones are in this list and many other list of great films of all time. That is why the 1920’s is the most significant decade of the art of filmmaking and many inventions in cinema were created during this period, so the foundation of cinema. A year after the production of the first talkie film and the assumption of the fall of the silent film era, in 1928 “The Passion of Joan of Arc” a silent French film was created by a Danish filmmaker, Carl Theodor Dryer, that has influenced so many films and filmmakers for years to come. Still by the end of 1920’s, cinema was mostly dominated by Americans, Germans and Russians, and other societies did not have much contribution to the art of film, including France that later on in 30’s started to emerge. So Carl Theodor from Netherland was invited to France to make a film that he chose “The Passion of Joan of Arc”, for being very patriotic subject in the country, despite many opposition why such a national subject has to be made by a non-French! The film is based on the actual record of the trial of Joan of Arc, when captive in England by the British Christian court. The film is not only by many has been regarded as a landmark of cinema for its groundbreaking techniques and direction, but by its only principal actor’s performance, Renée Jeanne Falconetti’s performance, which is often listed as one of the finest in cinema history.
22-Name the film and its director.
Hollywood had been quite silent about the second World War that burnt Europe and cost millions of lives all over the world, even including the American soldiers who finally after the attack of Perl Harbour being sent out to the war. But “The Best Years of Our Lives” by William Wyler that was released a year after the end of the war in 1946, surprisingly broke this silence. The film while not addressing or showing the war directly, for the first time on the Hollywood screen, reflects the casualties of the war in the aftermath. This is another prototype of anti-war films, different than the great classic of Lewis Milestone’s “All Quiet on the Western Front” of the WWI in 1930. The impact of the war in the film is shown psychologically and socially very delicately in the lives of three survived veterans, their families and friends after returning home. These veterans upon returning home only after a few years that US was in the war, notice a huge gap between themselves, their families and friends. The two sides are totally estranged to each other in feelings, thoughts and behaviours. The film unlike many other anti-war films to come out of Hollywood in the later years, it is not focusing on one but three protagonist characters representing home returning soldiers. The film still stands out to this day among many later on anti-war films for its depiction of the American society to be totally at loss with the reality of the war, even WWII that was considered a just war against the force of Nazis and Fascists. As if the American nation were not involved or not interested in going to the war! For just a year after the end of the war, understanding such a national reaction of common people to the war is still difficult to grasp. Perhaps one explanation as it is said clearly in the one of the early scenes of the film, in a discussion between Sergeant Al Stephenson (Fredric March) and his teenage son, could be the disagreement of the American people on atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to force the surrender of Japan.
23-What year and by whom the first King Kong was made?
“King Kong” directed by Merian Cooper and Ernest Schoedsack is an original adaptation of a story by Copper and Edgar Wallace. The film is the first in a genre of its own kind with remakes in 1976 and 2005. Although the film was not the first genre of man against beasts, but the first one with a pre-historic giant ape, a prototype for later years films such as Jurassic park film series. The film is also the first classic to portray the affection between the beast and the man (Ann Darrow, the leading female protagonist acted by Fay Wray), while majority of other humans out of fear, attacking and finally murdering King Kong in a frenzy.
24-Name the film, its director and the main actor.
“On the Waterfront” is the second major film of Elia Kazan with Marlon Brando and Karl Malden, since their first endeavour, “A Streetcar named Desire”, but this time with a fuller cast including Rod Steiger, Lee J. Cobb, and introducing Eva Marie Saint. Elia Kazan starting on Broadway introduced Marlon Brando with their first cooperation on the screen, and again this time with a full power house of cast, stamped his influence for long years to come on American and the world cinema. As a theatrical director, he brought the art of theatrical acting or method acting to the cinema, emphasized on the role and power of acting on screen and established the actors studio as a theoretical back up. This while took away the important visual component of the art of filmmaking, enriched cinema with the art and significance of script and acting that were ignored or were not known to this extend before.
25-Name the film and its two major actors who started their long-enduring career with this film.
"The Killers" is the first film adaptation of Ernest Hemingway’s 1927 short story of the same name, written for the screen by John Huston, Richard Brooks, and Anthony Veiller and directed by Robert Siodmak creates an iconic of multi-genres in cinema. The film with the team collaboration of “Burt Lancaster” as the “Swede” in his first cinematic role and “Ava Gardner” as “Kitty” in her first major role, and with the amazing cinematography of “Woody Bredell” and the perfect music score of the Hungarian-American composer “Miklos Rozsa” has made a rare cinematic creation and one of the most unaccredited great films of all time.
26-The first feature film that in 1927 used synchronized musical score and soundtrack.
“Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans” is a 1927 American silent romantic drama and suspense film directed by the German director F.W. Murnau and starring George O’Brien, Janet Gaynor, and Margaret Livingston. Murnau used the then new Movietone sound-on-film system, making “Sunrise” one of the first feature films with a synchronized musical score and sound effects soundtrack. The film incorporated Charles Gounod’s 1872 composition Funeral March of a Marionette, which was later used as the theme for the television series Alfred Hitchcock “Presents” (1955–65). “Sunrise” won the Academy Award for “unique and artistic picture”, best cinematography and best art direction at the 1st Academy Awards in 1929. This was another rare occasion that a great film was recognized by Hollywood, as time goes by such great films are ignored. Janet Gaynor won the first Academy Award for “Best actress in a leading role” for her performance in the film. The film’s legacy has endured, and it is now widely considered a masterpiece and one of the greatest films ever made. The 2007 update of the American Film Institute’s list of the 100 greatest American films has ranked “Sunrise” at number 82, and the British Film Institute’s 2012 Sight & Sound critics’ poll named it the fifth-best film in the history of motion pictures.
27-The mother of all courtroom trial and the single set films that challenged the legal justice beyond "the reasonable doubt". Name the film, it director and the main actor.
“12 Angry Men” by Sydney Lumet in 1957 is a film that set the foundation for the courtroom trial films, challenging the legal justice beyond “the reasonable doubt”, and the forefather of the single set films. “12 Angry Men” is in fact a play of 96 minutes that happen in a jury room other than a few minutes of the opening and ending scene. It proved that a single set and all dialogue film could still be powerful, gripping, heart pounding and cinematic. With the power of examination and logical arguments, the film could be a teaching example for the students of law as it was influential on the Supreme Court Judge, Sonia Sotomayor in pursuing her career in law.
28-A film about the journey of a film director who took his cameras and film crew to depict the poverty and sufferings of poor and ordinary people instead of fictions made up in studios.
“Sullivan’s Travels” by that deliberately or accidentally parallels with the novel of “Gulliver’s Travels” by “Jonathan Swift”, written and directed by “Preston Sturges” in 1941, is a satire of America in 1940’s that of America, still struggling with the great depression and at the verge of the second world war. While the “Gulliver’s Travels” is more in a fantasy format, “Sullivan’s Travels” while in a way fantasy and fairy-tale like, is principally a realistic comedy-melodrama-action. The novel and the film both infuriate and disturb the societies of their own time in a very simple, readable and watchable manner, being read and watched by millions and liked by all.
29-The first full feature sound and musical film.
“The Jazz Singer” of 1927 directed by Alan Croslandhis is the first full feature sound and musical film, to be adapted and followed by many future musical films such as “Singin’ in the rain” of Gene Kelly in 1952. The film depicts the fictional story of Jakie Rabinowitz (Jack Robin), a young man who defies the traditions of his devout Jewish family, to be a religious cantor (singer), running away from home, and years later changing his name and identity. Despite all these and the film being a frontier in technical and even the content story, based on a true story and a revolution against religion, the film in the first Academy Award ceremony, won only an award for Darryl F. Zanuck, for the producing the film, but not the direction or else!
30-A science fiction feature that introduced a new line of cinema with digital and special effects. Name the film and its creator.
Steven Spielberg’s “Close Encounters of the Third Kind” and George Lucas’ first saga of “Star Wars” series that both released in 1977 introduced a new line of cinema of digital and special effects, specially to American cinema that changed cinema for ever. Although these two films were science fictions, the digital and special effects work in later years went beyond and into different contents and storylines of films. Science fictions has a long history and in modern time goes back in the literature to H.G.Welles and in cinema as early as 1918 and the Danish film “A Trip to Mars” by Holger-Madsen. While those science fiction novels and films of the past that were produced in abundance did not change cinema, Spielberg and Lucas’ works did by introducing the digital special effects that was ready by late 70’s to be applied to the films, though still in its infancy.
31-Hailed as a “Miracle Film” by the New York Times, the winner of Academy Awards' best foreign language film, tells the story of an innocent relationship of a teenage girl with a post-traumatic war stressed pilot.
32-Adapted in title from the popular poem of Federico Garcia Lorca, this great film is about the real lives of Afghan women in religious dogmatic captivity even after the American invasion of the country and the fall of Taliban regime. Name the film and its director.
A tribute to the famous poem of the Spanish poet and freedom fighter in the Spain civic war, Federico Garcia Lorca, the film is the creation of Samira Makhmalbaf, the daughter of Mohsen Makhmalbaf at age 23. Acting in her father’s film, “The Cyclist” at age 7, she made her own first feature “The Apple” at age 17 that screened at the Cannes Film Festival in 1998 and later in over 100 other film festivals and more than 30 countries across the globe. Her next feature “Blackboards” two years later in 2000 won the jury prize at the Cannes Film Festival. While her father’s film “Kandahar” was the first major feature about Afghanistan at the time of ruling by Taliban, “At Five in the afternoon” of Samira brought the attention of the world to the still repressed condition in Afghanistan particularly of women, even after the American invasion of the country and the fall of Talibans.
33-The first great surrealistic film by the most classic Spanish filmmaker in collaboration with the famous Spanish painter, Salvador Dali. Name the film and its creator.
“Un Chien Andalou” or "An Andalusian dog" of 1929 by the Spanish filmmaker, Luis Bunuel is a short film (16-21 min., based on the copy) that for its significance, heroism, invention and influence in the history of cinema is in our list of the greatest films of all time. This great film which still to this day, viewers discretion is advised and would not be appropriate for young audience, was Buñuel’s first film. The unusual avant-gard film for the time and even now, was a product of collaboration between the famous Spanish painter, Salvador Dali and Luis Bunuel. The film, a depiction of the two artists' nightmares and dreams on the screen, is based on the concept of suppressed human emotions, dreams and nightmares. Bunuel deliberately intended in this film and many of his later films, like the paintings of Dali, moving beyond reality, logic to reach to the depth of humans’ darkest imaginations, so to be only interpreted and understood perhaps by Freudian psychoanalysis. So Bunuel brought “surrealism” of earlier work of other artists such as Dali and Breton in painting and other art forms onto the screen.
34-The life story of the famous Howard Hughes, his ambitions and struggles with perfectionism and OCD, and perhaps the best performance by Leonardo DiCaprio. Name the film and the director.
The best of Leonardo DiCaprio ever, and the best of Martin Scorsese since Taxi Driver, “The Aviator” was like a jackpot winner for the duo, due to its subject story. Based on the life story of Howard Hughes, an American genius, adventurer and the creator of one of the earliest aviation epics on the screen, “Hell’s Angels”, The Aviator brings his memory back. A business giant, record-setting pilot, filmmaker, and philanthropist who founded a huge medical institute for research that as of 2007 was the fourth largest private such organization, Hughes was as vulnerable as any ordinary man. Suffering from a severe OCD that DiCaprio demonstrates it the best on the screen, the film like Hughes’ life in between all the adventures and actions, is humane and touching.
35-John Ford's masterpiece based on a great American novel about the American Great Depression. Name the film and the great author of the novel.
Thanks to John Steinbeck, one of the greatest American novelist who won the National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize for the story and the Nobel Prize in 1962 mainly for this novel, and thanks to the early liberalism of John Ford, and the great acting of Henry Fonda, “The Grapes of Wrath” film adaptation became a prototype cinematic masterpiece of Realism. When preparing to write the novel, Steinbeck wrote: “I want to put a tag of shame on the greedy bastards who are responsible for this [the Great Depression and its effects].” He famously said, “I’ve done my damnedest to rip a reader’s nerves to rags.”
36-An Aviation silent war film of 1927 far ahead of its time.
“Wings” is a 1927 American patriotic war silent film, set during the World War I, directed by William Wellman, starring Clara Bow, Charles Rogers, Richard Arlen, and the first appearance of Gary Cooper that launched his film career. Wellman was the only director in Hollywood at the time who had World War I combat pilot experience, and the actors, Richard Arlen and John Monk Saunders had also served in the war as military aviators. Hundreds of extras and some 300 pilots were involved in the filming, including pilots and planes of the US army air corps which were brought in for the filming and to provide assistance and supervision. “Wings” acclaimed for its technical prowess and realism became a landmark for the future aviation films, specially its realistic air-combat sequences. A short list of the films that followed the footstep of “Wings” are Hell’s Angels (1930) by Howard Hughes, remade in 2004 by Martin Scorsese under “The Aviator”; Flying Tigers (1942) of David Miller with John Wayne; The first of the few (1942); Air Force (1943) of Howard Hawks; The Memphis Belle: A story of a flying fortress (1944) of William Wyler; Command decision (1948) of Sam Wood; Flying Leathernecks (1951) of Nicholas Ray; Island in the sky (1953) with John Wayne by William Wellman himself; Reach for the sky (1956); Battle of Britain (1969); Aces high (1976); Flyboys (2006); The Red Barron (2008), and more.
37-A Personal Exploration of the Psyche and Mind . Name the film, the director and its two principal actors seen in this image.
n the history of cinema and in the love for this medium and creativity nobody stands above Ingmar Bergman, except perhaps Charles Chaplin, though Bergman has even superseded this legend of cinema in productivity and variety. While many great filmmakers before him followed one line of work or stuck in the same style, subject or ideology, e.g. John Ford in westerns, Kurosawa in samurai, and Chaplin in his tramp, Bergman followed variety not just in films, but in the theatre and radio. His early fixation with religious/existential topics and the question of God in relation to humans, affected by his religious upbringing under his father as a Lutheran minister, soon changed to addressing earthy and daily life humans’ issues. This matured and flourished in content and techniques to an optimum level beyond his previous works, even his earlier masterpieces in “Persona”. In an interview and explanation about the film, Bergman has mentioned the prompt to make the film was an experience of split or space out in his mind, cognition, or feeling of non-existence that he had briefly while in hospital due to a sickness before the film. It is futile often to ask explanation of a masterpiece from any creators in any art formats and Bergman is not an exception as the film explores more the psyche of two women, a nurse Alma (Bibi Andersson) and an actress patient Elisabet Volger (Liv Ullmann) who could be and in fact the duality of one person.
38-“Like our voices that sing…our hearts see..like a chance, like a hope..everything starts again, the life starts again...".The popular song of this film starts with this line of lyric. Name the film and its director.
One of the most tender romantic films of all time, “A Man and a Woman” by the French filmmaker, Claude Lelouch carries along one of the best song and soundtracks by the French composer, Francis Lai that adds to the melodramatic flavour of the story.
39-Name this Japanese film masterpiece and its director.
Japan with a history in filmmaking since the inception of cinema, never rose at a world race level and was not much recognized at an international level, until the 1950’s that is considered the golden age of Japanese cinema. With Rashomon of Kurosawa in 1950, this rich cinema became known to the world, so that any non-commercial film from Japan was the subject of accolade of western critics. Although none of these films could match or even parallel with the Kurosawa’s masterpiece, the Japanese films in the 50’s such as Ikiru, Ugetsu, seven Samurai, Godzilla, and specially Tokyo Story harvested many awards worldwide, and even the latter dethroned Citizen Kane in the Sight and Sound’s 2012 director’s poll. But only “Gate of Hell” by the Japanese veteran actor and director, Teinosuke Kinugasa came out of this land of rising sun, as another shocking masterpiece hard to resist not to praise.
40-A great example of poetic realism and an early predecessor of Film Noir. Name the film and its creator.
“Pépé le Moko” is the only masterpiece of the French filmmaker, Julien Duvivier whom, the great French director, Jean Renoir has called “a great technician, rigorist and a poet”. The film is a great classic example of “poetic realism” of 1930’s and has often been considered an early predecessor of “Film Noir”. The English author, Graham Greene, who was twice in 1966 and 1967 shortlisted for the Nobel Prize in literature and wrote the script for the “The Third Man” has claimed Pépé le Moko as “one of the most exciting and moving films I can remember seeing…it succeeds raising the thriller to a poetic level”.
41-A comedy classic by Billy Wilder. Name the film and its three principal actors seen in the image.
“Some like it Hot” that supposed to be filmed in colour per Marilyn Monroe’s contract, was filmed and released in black and white, as it looked overdone even to the taste of Monroe, when she viewed a clip in colour. Wrote and directed by Billy Wilder with the collaboration of I.A.L. Diamond on the screenplay, the film was unconventional and original in several aspects and a surprise on the screen at the end of 1950’s when released. Wilder who started his film career in screen writing from late 20’s grew as a filmmaker by early 1940’s with great films such as “Double Indemnity” in 1944, “The Lost Weekend” a year later, “Sunset Boulevard” in 1950, “Ace in the Hole” a year later, “Stalag 17” in 1953, “Sabrina” and “The Sven Year Itch” in two years in a row, “Some like it Hot” in 1959, “The Apartment” a year later, and “The Fortune Cookie” in 1966. Winning of many accolades and awards including Golden Globe Awards, British Academy Film Awards, National Board of Review Awards, Writers Guild of America Awards, and Laurel Awards, "Some like it hot" lost for the best film, director and actor at Academy Awards to the religious epic “Ben Hur”.
42-The film adaptation of the true story of the infamous couple bank robbers. Name the film, its director and two principal actors seen in the image.
This film adaptation of the true story of the famous couple bank robbers, Bonnie Parker (1910-1934) and Clyde Barrow (1909-1934) during the American Great Depression of the 1930’s by Arthur Penn, has become such a classic of its genre, affected so many later films and filmmakers, and more importantly popularized positively this couple gangsters that could hardly be ignored on any great films of all time list. Fay Dunaway as Bonnie and Warren Beatty as Clyde played their best film roles ever and Gene Hackman as Buck Barrow was introduced the arena of cinema as a serious actor, while the acting of Michael J. Pollard as C.W. Moss and Estelle Parsons as Blanche Barrow (Buck’s wife) were memorable.
43-One of the very first great role of Marlon Brando by the filmmaker who discovered him. Name the film, its director and the original playwright.
“A Streetcar Named Desire” film directed by Elia Kazan, was based on the play of the same name by the great American playwright, Tennessee Williams, written in 1947 and awarded the prestigious Pulitzer prize in 1948. This great American play adapted for the screen was the first play to be casted and directed by the same actors and director both on the stage and on the screen. The Broadway production of the play was also directed by Elia Kazan and starred Marlon Brando, Karl Malden and Kim Hunter. The only difference was Vivien Leigh who did not appear on the Broadway stage, but in London production in 1949, directed by Laurence Olivier. Tennessee Williams also collaborated with Elia Kazan and Oscar Saul to write the screenplay.
44-The film that Martin Scorsese comments “We should all be grateful for.” and Orson Wells, the creator of Citizen Kane admits “If I had to save only one film in the world, it would be this film.” Name this great classic and its creator.
“The Grand illusion is story of people like you and me, thrown into this terrible adventure that we call war.” These are the words of the French creator of the film, the great Jean Renoir, years after in the re-release of the film. In relation to the story and content of the film that held through beyond the world war I, that the film is about, into the horrible world war II, Vietnam, Korean and now Gulf wars, Renoir continues to proclaim “The question that we ask our agonized world today closely resembles the question that Spaak (the screen writer), myself and many others, put to ourselves when working on The Grand Illusion…that things are as relevant today as it was at the time.”
45-Name the director and the studio that made this famous animation film, "Finding Nemo".
The science fiction and fantasy that Spielberg and Lucas started in films at the end of the past 20th century, proceeded to more unrealistic fantasies, magic and sorcery in the new 21st century by others with films such as Lord of The rings, Harry Potter and Pirate of the Caribbean that all went to series of franchises like other capitalist commodities. In between from Pixar animation studios that produced the first fully animated film of Toy Story that continued until the most recent fourth edition, came out “Finding Nemo” that was more rational and not stupefying the audience like the others. Moreover the visual beauty of the film electrified the viewers while its heartwarming and at times thrilling story was well absorbed by the children and adults alike.
46-Name this nightmarish anti-war film and its two principal actors in the image.
“The Deer Hunter”, by Michael Cimino and starring Robert De Niro and Christopher Walken is a film that after being seen once, it will probably imprint on the mind, a nightmare forever with possible flashbacks to some. The film is the story of three Russian American steel workers from the small town of Clairton in Pennsylvania, south of Pittsburgh whose enrollment in the Vietnam war changed their lives and the lives of their whole small but close community forever. This anti-war film has had one of the highest impact on people’s and soldiers’ minds in detesting any war, particularly Vietnam’s that finally ended by the persuasion of American people as much as by the Vietnamese resistance.
47-The third chapter of a film trilogy. Name the film and its director.
The story of Babel, the third chapter of a trilogy by Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu, is not just about different characters in a specific geographical location to be interrelated by an accident or event, but in addition in four different countries. The film opens in a remote area of Morocco, where a man walks into the house of a local in a village and sells the father a Winchester rifle for his two sons use in killing jackals when show up to attack their goat herds when attend daily on the local dry mountains. The boys try to shoot with rifle on the first day of attending their herds to see if shoots as far as three kilometers as the seller proclaimed. The older brother, Ahmed attempts to shoot at a tourist bus far down on the road that he misses, but his younger brother, Youssef manages to shoot the bus that the bullet passes through the window and critically injures an American woman, Susan (Cate Blanchett) sitting by the window beside her husband Richard (Brad Pitt).
48-A prototype of all the science fiction, horror and thriller films made in 1956. Name the film and its creator.
“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” by Don Siegel is a prototype of all the science fiction, horror and thriller films singularly or in combination that came afterwards years later, such as “The Blob”, “Alien”, “Aliens”, “The Fly”, “The Thing”, “Predators” and more. While “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” of 1920 has been the prototype of all horror films, “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” is a nice blend of science fiction, horror and even thriller of the modern time style, made 62 years ago. Directed by Don Siegel who created the Dirty Harry series and made Clint Eastwood popular in cop action films other than the spaghetti westerns of Sergio Leone, the film has no super stars, though well enough acted. Shot in a perfect black and white of film noir style, to convey more horror and thrills, while the color of all brands were in fashion already in 1950’s, the cinematography of Ellsworth Fredericks and most of all the music score of Carmen Dragon makes the film a classic so much that still horrifies and thrills today’s audience.
49-A great and heroic Italian film shot in August 1944, just two months after the allies forced Nazi Germany to withdraw from the city of Rome. Name the film, its director and the principal actress in the image.
50-A Multi-genres including musical, fantasy, comedy, drama, family and children film made in 1939. Name the film, its maker and the principal actress in the image.
The Wizard of Oz directed by two American filmmakers, Victor Fleming and King Vidor belongs not to one but a few genres including musical, fantasy, comedy, drama and above all a family and children film. The film is the best adaptation of a 1900 novel by Frank Baum, starring the young Judy Garland as Dorothy. A fantasy film starting in black and white sepia, matching the ordinary desert-like farm life of Kansas, soon after Dorothy’s dream of travelling to the land over the rainbow comes true, it will change to full Technicolor. This on its own alone was innovative and an achievement beyond the time. Then with its unique and meaningful characters, the munchkins, the fantasy lands, musical and even comedy makes the film an icon in American and the world cinema. Although it was a box office disappointment, despite being the most expensive production of MGM to date, its re-releases, starting after the end of the second world war, became popular by the public as it was so by the critics from the start.
51-Name the film and its two principal actors in the image.
he most popular and memorable love story on the screen with the most simple and common title of “Love Story” is the film adaptation of the best-selling novel of the same name by Erich Segal who wrote the script as well. Directed by Arthur Hill, starring Ryan O’Neil and Ali MacGraw, this film one of the highest grossing films of all time, took the three up to fame, so that Ali MacGraw was voted in 1972 the top female box office star in the world. This actress who could not go higher than what she had achieved in “Love Story” with her somewhat unusual and novel role in love approaching conquered the hearts of the viewers across the globe and when her character died in the film, burst their tears and broke their hearts.
52-A slab farce avant Garde British style comedy. Name the film and its director.
The Knack...and how to get it by Richard Lester brings in an innovative comedy farce film that will be British for a while until adapted by others across the world, mixing slab comedy of the silent era that also gets in a new life in the later years British comedies. All these were achieved by the genuine of Richard Lester who mixes up the intellectual avant garde of the 60’s through daydreaming fantasy and exaggeration with his farce slab comedy. The film goal was achieved well by a camera work in angles and cinematography of David Watkin reminiscent of Russian masters in well thought set and location designs, and finally the well fit music score of John Barry. While nominated for the Best film, screenplay, actress, cinematography and best newcomer director at the British Academy Film Awards, the film did not please the English film circle, but deservedly it won the Palme d’Or at Cannes Film Festival, the Writers’ Guild of Great Britian and The Belgian Film Critics Association.
53-An American masterpiece of anti-Vietnam War. Name the film, its director and two principal actors, one seen in this image.
The Vietnam war that after the loss and destruction of so many lives on both American and Vietnamese sides finally with the resistance of Vietnamese and the country wide protest of American people ended in 1975 left a great impact on American cinema in 70’s. This impact opposite to the casualties of the war was in fact positive and improved this nation’s cinema and elevated to another level. Such Hollywood films in 70’s surpassed any foreign films and for the first time several such anti-war films entered almost any greatest films of all time. Francis Ford Coppola after sometime getting stuck in his Godfather part 1&2 and before concluding his trilogy, as a payback of his due to the wave against the Vietnam war, creates his masterpiece “Apocalypse Now”. Not just being politically and morally correct this time in paying back his artistic commitment, he shows his mature cinematic talent by the end of 1970 in this film. The film starts with a gripping cinematographic scene of the war, in contrast with the beautiful tropical natural environment that were all destroyed with no hesitation. After this opening scene, the film zooms on its main protagonist, captain Benjamin Willard (Martin Sheen) of the US special operation force in his room, already drunk and suffering from the depression, post-traumatic stress and madness of the war.
54-Name this popular science fiction family film and its creator.
“Close encounters of the third kind” had only a brief encounter with aliens in person at the end of the film. With “E.T.”, Spielberg brought us a closer, more personal and ongoing encounter experience with the possible living creatures of other planets. E.T. is an alien child who’s left behind by a UFO’s landed on the earth. Like his first science fiction film there’s a family and children encounter with E.T. This creates a more honest and pure encounter experience of humans with a possible alien. In this encounter there is only curiosity and warm-hearted connection and understanding, and no fear, defensive or aggressive reactions of humans toward an out of space being. This is more or less like the reactions of children to an animal or pet. From the first encounter between a 10 year old boy Elliott and E.T., there’s an interconnection despite the language barrier.
55-Chaplin heroic anti-Hitler made right in the midst of WWWII. Name the film and the year of its production.
Imagine it is 1940 and Europe is at the feet of an ambitious and ruthless dictator and a destructive military machine, and only one man could bring it down to his feet. That man is not a head of a state, a general or a soldier, but the genius of cinema, Charlie Chaplin. “The Great Dictator” on its heroic idea of making and releasing alone at such a sensitive time that could easily lead to the assassination of Chaplin, it is a great achievement and would be impossible not to include it in any list of the greatest films of all time. But of course as any Chaplin’s film, it is multifaceted and harbors its great writing, acting and directing. The originality, the technicality, the impact and the survival of the film was seen right away at the time of its release to this very day. Chaplin once again proved that he is one of the greatest genius of cinema and at the very heart of people of the world.
56-A fictional surreal, existential and philosophical film poetically probes into the superstitious beliefs and rituals of ordinary people of a few villages on the skirt of a salt lake in Iran. Name the film and its creator.
On the verge of the fall of cinema as an art medium, “The White Meadows” written, produced and directed by Mohamad Rasoulof from Iran is like resuscitating a dead body and bring it all to life. This fictional surreal, existential and philosophical film poetically probes into the superstitious beliefs and rituals of ordinary people of a few villages on the skirt of a salt lake in Iran. This metaphoric critic of superstitions and religious rigidity still existing at the dawn of the new millennium costs Rasoulof and his editor, Jafar Panahi sentence to 6 years in prison by the Islamic government of Iran, a year after the release of the film. Although a year later in 2011 their appeal concluded in the release of Panahi, but Rasoulof’s sentence was reduced to one year in prison for propaganda against the Islamic regime.
57-A classic film on the history long subject of intolerance of races, nations and war. Name the film and its creator.
D.W.Griffith made this film in response to the negative critics for his “The Birth of a Nation”, as discussed in the related article on this site. This film was made only a year after “The Birth of a Nation” in 1916, when Europe was burning and suffering in the first world war. The anti-war and intolerance of races, nations and else ideology of Griffith that was shown well, but not understood in “The Birth of a Nation” is well spelled out in “Intolerance” and later on his future films. In this film, Griffith shows that intolerance, injustice, hatred, murder and war is not limited to a land or time, but spans across the globe and has always been a subject of human’s nature across ages and throughout the history. Beyond its great ideology and content concept, this epic film is the first to cover more than one time episode, but four across ages and nations, so needed the proper story telling, directing, editing and cinematography and work of camera that Griffith not just managed to do so greatly, but invented it. Since Griffith himself has been introduced earlier in the article on “The Birth of a Nation”, here his ideology then his film “intolerance” will be discussed briefly.
58-Name the film, its director and the principal actor in this image.
Forest Gump by Robert Zemeckis and with the best performance of Tom Hanks has been hailed by Roger Ebert: “I’ve never met anyone like Forrest Gump in a movie before, and for that matter I’ve never seen a movie quite like ‘Forrest Gump.’...What a magical movie”. Peter Travers of the Rolling Stone commended on Forrest Gump personality “everything we admire in the American character – honest, brave, and loyal with a heart of gold”. Capturing more the hearts of audience worldwide, Forrest Gump ranked 71 in the first edition of 100 best American films in 1998 and 76 in its second edition of 2007. Winning 6 academy awards for the best picture, best director, best actor, best adapted screenplay, best film editing and best visual effects, Forest Gump is a great modern American film.
59-Name the film, the actor and director.
Roberto Benigni, an Italian comedy actor and filmmaker with his “Life is Beautiful” in 1997 that was released almost a year later than Italy in US, proved to be a genius like his master Charlie Chaplin. Naturally a born comedian in his masterpiece, he uses humour and irony to tell a story of love, sacrifice and inhumanity of Nazis in the World war II to enlighten his own nation whose fascist government of Mussolini on the devil axis caused a big toll on his people.
60-A heart warming modern fairy tale on screen. Name the film, its director and two principal actors in this image.
“Roman Holiday” by Willaim Wyler is perhaps the best example of a popular or commercial film that borders with the film as an art medium. The simplicity and tenderness of the film reminds us of “The Bicycle Thieves”, but in a fairy tale drama and comedy. “Roman Holiday” is also perhaps the first modern fairy tale of a royal princess getting bored and suffocated of royal life, escaping to the reality of everyday of common people, who themselves may not appreciate their simple happiness. The film is also one of the first not to be about two lover characters on quite different sides of life, but about an eternal city, Rome in modern time, after the destruction of the world war II. Finally the film is the first major feature for Audrey Hepburn, an unknown actress until then, who brought a simple beauty and a gentle character on and off the screen to the cinema and deservedly won the best acting academy award.
61-A powerful classic prototype military training camp film that opens bare to the bones the true intention of military apparatus specially of the super-powers. Name the film, the director and the main actor seen in the image.
Stanley Kubrick who taught himself photography and the art of filmmaking and continued with his hard and perfectionist strive, entered cinema with so many different works of all kinds, from short to feature films, different genres and subjects. Although he has been hailed by many critics as one of the greatest filmmakers of all time, he only got close to a masterpiece in “2001:A Space Odyssey” that broke some cinematic conventions and achieved great cinematographic visual and special effects. But perhaps due to his perfectionism, while he started very well in the opening of the film, he lagged short with his slow development in the rest of the film up in the spaceship to the point of boredom for 142 minutes to make a philosophical point. Even in his masterpiece of “Full Metal Jacket” that is listed here as one of the greatest films of all time, Kubrick starts great in the first half in the recruit boot camp that was hailed by many critics, but lags behind in the second half in Vietnam that was critiqued by many as disjointed and slow. In Kubrick’s films, no matter the genre and subject, there is always an ideology or message to deliver. Starting with “Spartacus” depicting the riot of slaves in the roman empire, he finally decided to make a film about the Vietnam war to make his own special point and message across, and indeed he achieved well and the best. There is a parallelism between the training of slaves into gladiators in “Spartacus” and the recruit of the marines in “Full Metal Jacket” under American empire, in the harshest and cruelest manner worse than the ancient world. The absolute abusive treatment of the marine recruits by sergeant Hartman (Lee Ermey) for the sake of maintenance of the hegemony of United States for the so-called “National Security” has been the best and never before on the screen. This depiction of reality of the policy of recruitment of marines that was based on the semi-autobiographic novel of “The Short-timers” by the ex-marine Gustav Hasford from his own experience in the Vietnam war, alone matched the best anti-war films and sufficient to disgust everyone of the United States and their war making policies. As it will be explained further in the following, indeed the film’s second half in Vietnam could have been made disjointed and disconnected deliberately by Kubrick, as the reality of the war and what the marines experienced in the field was totally different and unconnected with their harsh recruitment.
62-The first chapter of a trilogy of death. Name this film part of the trilogy, its director and the main actor in the centre of this image.
Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu of Mexico made the above three films that are considered by some a “Trilogy of Death”, each three years apart. At age 37 in his debut feature, “Amores Perros” he was as a thunder known to the world, specially the western society and Hollywood that invested in his second part of the trilogy, “21 grams” in 2003, employing popular American cast, Sean Penn, Naomi Watts and only a Mexican, Benicio del Toro with a budget of $20 million vs. the meager Mexican budget of $ 2.4 million for Amores Perros, the film made a sales profit 3 times more of $60 million. Then in third part of trilogy “Babel” in 2006 again invested by Hollywood and Japanese with again $20 million budget, starring famous American and Japanese cast, Brad Pitt, Cate Blanchett, Koji Yakuso and Rinko Kikuchi, and the only Mexican Gael Garcia Bernal, the film made almost 7 times sales profit of $135 million.
63-A great classic prototype Horror, Thriller and murder mystery in a quintessential expressionist style. Name the film and its creator.
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is a German silent film, directed by Robert Wiene, released in 1920, just a year after the end of world war I. Although this film has been commonly considered as a prototype of horror films, but it is also a prototype of thrillers, murder mysteries, and even films with the psychological content of psychotic or insane killers, asylums, mental hospitals, double personalities, sleep walking and else. This great frontier film is the quintessential work of Expressionist movement in cinema, showing and proving that without much camera work and movement, but the application of twisted and distorted set designs and shapes, shadows, lighting, etc. the thrills, emotions, fear and else could be pictured on the screen like painting on canvas. The film has influenced so many filmmakers around the world for years, from Fritz Lang and others in Germany, to Alfred Hitchcock and others in England and US, to the present time when one can see its impact on “The Shutter Island” of Martin Scorsese.
64-A tragic and shameful history of human, the best works of its director and actress who begged for the role and achieved her best. Name this great film, its creator and the actress seen in the image.
Pakula known for social and political type films such as “To kill a mocking bird” and “All the President men”, did not direct before or after this film any melodrama/tragic story. While thinking of the Swedish actress, Liv Ullman for the role of Sophie, it was Meryl Streep who threw herself at her feet to get the role. And she did well and performed the best role of her career life, where she had to lose weight to match Sophie specially at the concentration camp scenes. Another reflection of the casualties of war and political supremacy, and expansion at the cost of million lives, “Sophie’s Choice” is not just a tragic tale of humans, but a shameful one. The story is not only about the retelling of what Nazis did to the Jews in their exterminations, but how far the power hunger and hatred of humans could go to force a mother to make a choice of saving a child, but giving another away for extermination.
65-An outrageous and heroic great classic film on violence, invasion, bullying, abuse and rape of 1971 still chilling to view to this day. Name the film, its maker and the principal actor seen in this image.
A film that broke so many standards of Hollywood at the time and still to this day remaining controversial and degraded by some critics, who called its director Sam Peckinpah, “Bloody Sam” is a major breakthrough in the cinematic history. While the more accredited Stanley Kubrick in the same year of 1971, made “A Clockwork Orange” depicting uncalled and unusual violence and abuse towards ordinary people by psychopaths, “Straw Dogs” portrays the real and usual violence that could be seen all around us even to this very day. The subject of racism, hatred, defensive animosity to un-likes, invasion of privacy, bullying, abuse and rape, that all depicted well in the film was not in the imagination of Peckinpah to like or dislike, but it was and it is a simple reflection of a bitter reality in the western society.
66-A Great visual anti-war film that impressed the French philosopher, Jean Paul Sartre (called it a miracle) and the most prolific filmmaker of all time Ingmar Bergman. Name this great film and its exceptional creator who made the film at age 28.
When it was thought that all had already been done in cinema with the innovative and great works of Eisenstein, Vertov, Rossellini, De Sica, Kurosawa, Kalatazov, Bergman and Antonioni, and nothing more to create, it comes another great filmmaker from Russia, Andrei Tarkovsky with his masterpiece “Ivan’s Childhood”. Surprisingly at age 28 his debut film stirred up not just emotions and awakenings around the globe, but vast discussions in the realm of philosophy, sociology and history that did not spare the great French philosopher and writer, Jean Paul Sartre to write a detailed letter to the editor of the Italian newspaper “L’Unita” in response to some critics of the film, that was an article. The film impressed the great Ingmar Bergman, the most prolific filmmakers of all time (even more than Chaplin) that he wrote: “My discovery of Tarkovsky’s first film was like a miracle. Suddenly, I found myself standing at the door of a room the keys of which had, until then, never been given to me. It was a room I had always wanted to enter and where he was moving freely and fully at ease.”
67-A documentary feature on the lives of first nation people in the arctic. Name the film and the producing country.
Zacharias Kunuk, the creator of “Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner”, himself of the first nation was born in Kapuivik, one of Canadian arctic island in Nunavut territory of Canada. He attended school in Igloolik, an Inuit hamlet of Nunavut and in order to afford admissions to the movies, carved soapstone sculptures. From his hard work money, he purchased a camera and started taking photos of Inuit hunting scenes. Soon he purchased his first video camera with some basic equipment and taught himself how to make his own films, the first “Nunavut: Our Land” in 1995 before making his masterpiece “Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner” in 2001. The film in the 2004 edition of top 10 Canadian films of all time by Toronto International Film Festival, was voted the 5th greatest Canadian Film of all time and in the last edition of the list in 2015, was ranked the number one and the greatest Canadian film of all time.
68-A great holocaust film, the best film of its director. Name the film, its director and two principal actors.
From the science fiction and fantasy filmmaker of “Jaws”, “Close encounter of the third kind”, “E.T.”, and the “Indiana Jones” series, comes the serious drama film of “Schindler’s List” about the Jewish holocaust survivors of the World War II. Steven Spielberg who was busy making his first edition of “Jurassic Park” in the same year of 1993, was finally convinced by one of the real Polish Jews on the Schindler’s list, Poldek Pfefferberg who survived the extermination in Auschwitz by Nazis to make the film, the same way he convinced the Australian novelist, Thomas Keneally to write the novel “Schindler’s Ark” that the film was adapted from. Spielberg who was not certain of his capability to make such a serious film and had suggested directors, Roman Polanski, Martin Scorsese, Sydney Pollack and David Lean to make it, finally decided to make this different film for personal and family reasons and not profit. By chance and a right decision, Spielberg made his greatest film of his life, and in contrast with his other science fiction digital films in color, he shot this film in black and white and with the assistance of the cinematographer Janusz Kaminski, the film took well its real melodrama tragic context of an inhumanity stain on the humans’ past history lest not to forget. On many list of the greatest films of all time, “Schindler’s List” won 7 academy awards out of 12 nominations, including the best picture, best director, best adapted screenplay, and best original score by John Williams. It ranks number 8 on the AFI of 100 best American films of all time’s second edition in 2007.
69-A satirical comedy on British empire’s turn of the century military ambitious expansions. Name the film and its director.
It is perhaps true that a great film could be recognized in its first few minutes, unlike mediocre films that one needs to wait long until something significant happens. This is the case with “The life and death of colonel Blimp”,written, produced and directed jointly by Michael Powel and Emeric Pressburger of England that until then, nothing major had been released out of that country. Perhaps the second world war needed a trigger to start off good filmmaking, but this time the film is not only a romantic drama or action, but more a satirical comedy. This film became a prototype and a gold standard of its own genre, satirical war films, so many adaptations in different formats such as “MASH” were released in later years on the sliver screen. The title of the film is derived from the “Colonel Blimp” character of the English political cartoonist, David Low, though the film’s content is different and original. Based on Blimp’s character that is pompous, irascible and briefly stereotypically British, satires the empire’s turn of the century military ambitious expansions. The transformation of the Blimp character to Cilve Candy (played by Roger Livesey) in a more realistic and humanized form to represent the British military royalty and patriotism across three wars of Boer in South Africa in the very early century, then the first and later on the second world war, provides the film with almost three hours of analyzing all through the life of a soldier who evolves to a leading army general.
70-The first major role of the actress in the image at the age of 13 with the popular quote "Are you talking to me? Name the film, its director, first actor and the actress in this image.
Martin Scorsese while starting filmmaking almost at the same time as Francis Ford Coppola, as an Italian American, he is more interested in social studies of the American society and metropolitan cities specially New York City. His first major feature, “Mean Streets” was a fair study of Italian American real street mobs, unlike the organized crime fable of the Godfather of Coppola. In his second major work, Taxi Driver, he takes us within the story of a taxi driver to the streets of the city that never sleeps, as he had lived in, observed and experienced it. Travis (Robert De Niro) is an ex-marine who takes the job of taxi driving in the city as he cannot sleep like the big city itself, and perhaps to avoid his flashback nightmares of the war of Vietnam. The film like a documentary, take the viewers through the streets of New York City and the lives and behaviors of creatures of the night, the prostitutes, alcoholics, drug addicts, etc. We see the filth, the mess and the crimes in the city through Travis’ eyes who’s disgusted with all and wishes to be totally cleaned up.
71-The top American film on this site's greatest films of all time. Name the film and its director.
In art in general including the cinema, there have been many adaptations that have advanced the original work, other than the originality. But “Singin’ in the Rain” is an exception that’s not just very original, but no adaptation has ever been able to advance and add to this not only the greatest musical film, but one of the best example of a cinematic masterpiece. The only exception that is also mentioned in the film itself, not to be the first musical film, that is “The Jazz Singer”. But “Singin’ in the Rain” surpasses its prototype for being so original, innovative, multifaceted all at the same time, that barely any other film in the history of cinema has been able to achieve. Gene Kelly who played a year before this film in “An American in Paris” and earlier acted and directed other musicals, could not get even close to what he achieved in “Singin’ in the Rain” in acting, directing and choreography of this great film.
72-One of the greatest poetic realism on film. Name the film, its director and the principal actor in this image.
While 1937 boasted with three greatest films of all time, “La Grand illusion”, “Pépé le Moko” and “Snow white and the seven dwarfs”, 1938 could not match so. Despite Sergei Eisenstein’s “Alexander Nevsky”, Alfred Hitchcock’s “The lady vanishes”, and quite a few other films, some on the greatest films lists or awards winners such as “Pygmalion”, “You can’t take it with you”, “Olympia”, and “Jezebel”, none were quite original, technical masterpiece or having had any impact on other films. But a year later in 1939, when the World War II breaks out in Europe, quite a few great films appear on the silver screen that “Le jour se lève” (“Day Break”) is one. This classic needs to be remembered and reviewed once again, particularly since it was not fairly appreciated like its predecessor “Pépé le Moko” both from France, and played by Jean Gabin.
73-The second chapter of a film trilogy. Name the film and the two actors in this image.
21 Grams like the middle part of Amores Perros in Innaritu’s trilogy is slow and somehow boring. The story here is centered around drug addiction of Jack (Benicio de Toro), a former convict who is using his new-found religious faith to recover from his addiction, Paul (Sean Penn) a mathematics professor who suffers from a fatal heart condition with a dedicated wife, Mary (Charlotte Gainsbourgh), and Cristina (Naomi Watts) another recovered drug addict living with her supportive husband and two children. These three separate characters will be tied together one evening when Jack kills Cristina’s husband and children in a hit-and-run car accident, another common theme as in Amores Perros. The husband’s heart is donated to Paul, who begins gets a new life, but Cristina is devastated by her grave loss and relapses to her addictions.
74-A metaphorical and philosophical masterpiece by one of the greatest filmmakers of all time. Name the film and this great filmmaker.
“Wild Strawberries” of Ingmar Bergman is another metaphorical and philosophical film masterpiece, like “The Seventh Seal” surprisingly both created in the same year of 1957. This was only possible at the hands of Bergman whose prolific and excessively productive life career could achieve such, unheard before in the history of cinema. “The Seventh Seal” dealt with a nation or continent at the medieval period of European history, lost faith through the deception of the papacy, casting the doom of death on their people by war added to epidemic death befell on them by plague. At a parallel philosophical and metaphorical with a hue of surrealism, “Wild Strawberries” addresses the life of an achieved human, who despite all his knowledge, fame and accomplishments, at the end looking back at his life in the search of true meaning of his existence. While “The Seventh Seal” is more metaphysical and philosophical depicting the search of human lost in faith for the ultimate truth of God, life and death, “Wild Strawberries” is more psychological and philosophical in the search of the meaning of an individual in a lifetime, while it could be generalized to all.
75-Which Studio made this first entirely computer generated animation feature film, Toy Story?
Since “Snow White and Seven Dwarfs” of 1937 and “The Wizard of Oz” in 1939, there has not been any great children, family or animation film until “Toy Story” that in 1995 broke the silence and traditions of filmmaking by being the first entirely computer generated animation feature film. The film deserted the animated cartoons and started a new trend of computer generated animation as a new fashion in cinema that was repeated in so many future films such as “Finding Nemo”, “The Incredibles”, “Brave”, “Coco”, “Monsters Inc.”, “Cars”, “Monster University”, “The Good Dinosaur”, “Finding Dory”, “Up” and three more editions of “Toy Story” including the most recently “Toy Story 4” currently on the screen. The above short list all produced by the “Pixar Animation Studios” and mostly nominated or winners of academy awards.
76-A great classic on American civil war, also a story of love, suffering, struggle, survival and loss. Name the film, its director and two principal actors.
Gone with the wind, made in 1939 is about the American civil war and uniting a separated nation by force and ruling by North, and blowing the old south like gone with the wind, is also a story of love, suffering, struggle, and survival, so like the life itself. Adapted from the book of the same name by Margaret Mitchell, it is beyond a documentary novel, and with its special visuals and great acting for the first time on the silver screen, makes it one of the greatest American films of all time. The title originally from the book, was chosen by Mitchell from a poem by Ernest Dowson, meaning a “lost love”, that was reiterated in the film by Scarlett O’Hara (Vivien Leigh) when her home in Tara plantation “gone with the wind which swept through Georgia”. The film directed by Victor Fleming who left “The Wizard of Oz” and handed it to King Vidor, to direct this film.
77-A graduate of law, who in his films strived to disclose different dictatorships and their crimes across the globe. Name him, this film and the principal actor in the image.
Being a graduate of law, Costa-Gavras in his political films, disclosing different dictatorships and unjust governmental systems around the globe, by using the best form of a fast paced judicial inquiry in the search for the truth. From his major film “Z” in 1969 that he disclosed the dictatorship in his homeland Greece to his last film “Amen” in 2003, blowing the lid of the Catholic Church’s knowledge of the Jews genocide by Nazis in the World War II, Costa-Gavras like an expert lawyer in the court, through powerful inquiry get the disclosure of the dictatorships well. In this process he either contradicts the political criminals or corner them to confession. This cinematic technique is only unique to Costa-Gavras that accompanying with the music score of his great country composer, Mikis Theodorakis create such powerful films that get the attention of even non-political crowds.
78-A Japanese masterpiece that introduced its maker to the world of cinema. Name the film, its master creator and the principal actor in this image.
Imagine the art of cinema without “Kurosawa”, his influence on this medium and “Rashomon”. Akira Kurosawa who is more known in the western world and perhaps anywhere else in the world for his great film “Seven Samurai” that has been well adapted by the American cinema as “Magnificent Seven”, entered the film industry as a painter. Then after a few years of working as an assistant director, he made a few feature films such as “Sanshiro Sugata” (1943), “The most beautiful” (1944, when at the set met his actress wife), “Drunken Angel” (1948) and “Stray Dog” (1949), before becoming world wide popular with his masterpiece “Rashomon”. With this film, Kurosawa not only made himself known, but the whole Japanese cinema and quite a few other great directors who were introduced to the world of cinema such as “Yasujiro Ozu, “Kenji Mizogushi”, “Shohei Imamura”, and “Masaki Kobayashi”. Although Yaujiro Ozu was Kurosawa’s predecessor, but became more known with his later films to the west, such as his “Tokyo Story” (1953) and “Floating Weeds” (1959), all thanks to Rashomon.
79-Another Japanese masterpiece on the futility of any war in the best sentimental and humane way. Name the film and its creator.
Another masterpiece from Japanese cinema, but this time not of subject of samurai or its subdued culture after the war, but a sentimental anti-war film that is not happening in Japan, but in Burma. One of the most unrecognized films of all time, “The Burmese Harp” based on a children’s novel of the same name, was directed by Kon Ichikawa with the screenplay by his wife, Natto Wada. The film that in Japan was released initially in two parts on different dates, and later on as a double feature with B movies totaled 143 minutes, but its international release was cut into 116 minutes. Perhaps due to its initial split release in Japan, the film was not received well, but its remake in 1985 again by Ichikawa, became the second largest Japanese box office hit up to that time. It was praised internationally, nominated for the best foreign language film at the academy awards, and won ovation of the audience at the Venice Film Festival and its San Giorgio Prize.
80-A master piece of neo-realism in film with no professional actors, and the number fourth on this site greatest films of all time. Name the great classic film and its creator.
Bicycle Thieves by Vittorio De Sica, was rated as the third greatest film of all time by the first universal poll in history by thousands of filmmakers and critics in Expo 58 in the Brussels World’s Fair, only beneath “Battleship Potemkin” and “Gold Rush” of Chaplin. A major film of neorealism in cinema that was originated in Italy and put this country’s cinema suddenly on the world map, Bicycle thieves is quite different and unique even among other great neo-realistic films such as “Rome, Open City” (1945), “Shoeshine” (1946), “Paisa” (1946), and “La Terra Perma” (1948). Even Vittorio De Sica, the creator of “Bicycle Thieves”, could not repeat such a masterpiece with his next great works such as “Umberto-D”, “Miracle in Milan” after his great earlier “Shoeshine”.
81-A non-conventional biopic based on a best-selling memoir. Name the film.
Based on the memoir of Jean-Dominique Bauby (played by Mathiu Amalric), the editor of the French fashion magazine, Elle, who was paralyzed by a rare massive brain stem stroke, called “Locked-in Syndrome”, the film is a non-conventional biopic. The memoir itself published in 1997 received universal acclaim and in the first day of publication sold 25,000 copies and in a week 150,000 and soon became the number one best seller across Europe. Locked in his own body with a totally intact brain, still capable of thinking, imagining, loving, remembering and still communicating by the blink of eyes, both the memoir by Bauby himself and the film adaptation by Julian Schnable is a human heroism to record such an emotional subjective experience that otherwise could not have been appreciated.
82-Name this great film and its director that was written for the screen by the great novelist, Graham Green.
Cinema, born in US by Edison and in France by Lumière was simply a moving picture (movie) that only evolved in Russia by masters such as Eisenstein and Vertov as an art of camera work, cinematography and editing and later on in Germany by masters such as Fritz Lang and Robert Wiene with their German expressionism. The German expressionism in earlier classics such as “Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” brought more art forms to this medium, with lighting, set design, use of shadows, and camera angles, granting the art of cinema, a rich imagery that meant to have. The German expressionism in time evolved to “Film Noir” with great films such as “M” of Fritz Lang (still German), “The Killers” of Robert Siodmak, and the masterpiece of Carol Reed “The Third Man”. The only American film that borrowed such imagery techniques from the earlier German works, was “Citizen Kane” of Orson Welles that was not a film noir, but influenced American cinema, so much to be still considered by many the greatest American film.
83-A part of Mafia trilogy with the famous quote "I'll make him an offer that he cannot refuse", and the second best American film on AFI top 100 films of all time. Name the film, its creator and the two actors in this image.
Although “The Godfather” is not much original and technical in a general sense on a cinematic world scale, there is no doubt of its impact on others, from critics to filmmakers and is on top of many lists of the greatest films of all time, including ranking second on AFI’s list of the American greatest films. The film at least boasts to be an original new gangster style in American cinema, introducing Italian Mafia to the screen. That also invigorated American Italian cinema in Hollywood to dominate part of the American cinema with the second and third parts of The Godfather trilogy and Martin Scorsese’s future films, starting with “Mean Street”. Adapted for the screen from the Mario Puzo’s novel of the same name who collaborated with Francis Ford Coppola on the script. First major feature of Coppola who until then had mainly worked on screen writing, the film and its sequels were major box office hits and pleased both the critics who were mostly appalled a few years before by the violence and praising gangsterism with “Bonnie and Clyde” and just a year before with “Straw Dogs”. Perhaps by the pressure of the audience who received both previous films and also adjusting to the new American wave cinema of sheer violence, the critics not only received this film greatly, but worshiped it to this very day. Winning the best picture, best actor for Marlon Brando (who declined the award) and the best adapted screenplay for a mafia film depicting the organized crime in US was historically a surprise.
84-A 1925 classic silent film. Name the film and its director.
The Gold Rush is a 1925 American silent comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin. The film though begins with stating to be a “comedy drama”, it is more comedy romantic. Chaplin in his usual tramp character, from realism with a few tears of “The Kid” moves on to some adventure of gold explorer or greed and romance. Chaplin had said several times that this was the film for which he most wanted to be remembered. This great film that is still on the many list of greatest films of all time, at the 1958 Brussels first World Fair after, was rated by many film critics and filmmakers, the second greatest film in history, behind only Sergei Eisenstein’s The Battleship of Potemkin. While in “The Kid”, Chaplin is more an adult, a father figure and a rescuer, in “The Gold Rush”, he himself is more like a kid, acts as funny, and with his acrobatic and chuckling moves makes the greedy gold seekers of the time, look ridiculous. While in “The Kid”, he is a savior of a poor little infant left on the street by his mother and raises him, in “The Gold Rush”, he is the savior of love and romance that to him is more vital to life than gold. Before discussing more about the film, Chaplin himself will be explored further.
85-A 1960 film much ahead of its time for its horror, violence and sexual content that ended its director’s career due to over-whelming negative critics. Name the film and its great and heroic director.
While Hitchcock’s “Psycho” released in September of 1960 in US, and was hailed by many as a prototype of all horror films, in April of the same year another British filmmaker, Michael Powel released his masterpiece “Peeping Tom” in England. “Psycho” threw off a few critics such as Bosley Crowther of The New York Times for Hitchcock’s sleazy work (though his Psycho was more matured than “Rear Window” and “Vertigo”, wonder how they were over-rated”). “Psycho” also offended the British critic C.A. Lejeune who permanently left The Observer as a film critic. But the negative impact of “Peeping Tom” specially by the critics at the time for its horror, violence and sexual content was so huge that ended Powel’s career in England.
86-A cinematic imagery for the exploration of inner psyche and another experimental masterpiece of the new wave cinema in 60s. Name the film, its creator and the actress seen in the image.
While in the same year of 1960, Jean Luc Godard in France with his “Breathless” and Federico Fellini in Italy with his “La Dolce Vita” were experimenting a new wave cinema, Michelangelo Antonioni from Italy as well with his “L’Avventura” became the leader of such new cinema. Godard’s Breathless was innovative and reactionary but was an empty experience, Fellini’s La Dolce Vita was a free floating wild exploration into the petti-bourgeoisies extravagant lives with not much message and interpretation, both not leaving an impression on the mind at the time of viewing and later. Antonioni starting cinema with the master of neo-realism, Roberto Rossellini in 1942, started his innovation in 1955 with “Le Amiche” (The Girlfriends) using long shots and still frames camerawork and cinematography, opposite to the jump cuts of Godard, adding another neo-realism to the cinema. This new neo-realism looked farther deep into the inner world of humans condition, completed the outer façade of the first neo-realism movement of Rossellini and De Sica. Antonioni with his “L’Avventura” reached the ultimate in his new style and delved into the void, emptiness and alienation of humans, specially the middle class and rich. This is clearly shown from the opening scene in Anna (Lea Massari) who looks totally lost and alienated not just from his diplomatic father (Renzo Ricci), but from his fiancé Sandro (Gabriele Ferzetti), and even her girlfriend Claudia (Monica Vitti) to whom she seems to be the closest, and also to the rest of friends and crews of the yacht. She feels and is lonely and nothing makes her happy even her impulsive sexual act with her fiancé while Claudia waiting for them downstairs, so all departing for a Mediterranean cruise . She seems to be lost even to herself and obviously not understood by others, even Claudia and more so Sandro who is pushing her to get married, while she wants to be left alone, despite not desiring to lose him. Right after the rejection of her request by Sandro, she physically disappears and all the rest in fright looking for her on a small desolated rocky island where the group have just docked.
87-A heroic documentary on the largest demonstration in human’s history across the globe. Name this documentary and its director.
"We are many" is a heroic documentary on the largest demonstration in human’s history in one day on February 15, 2003 across the globe against the American invasion of Iraq. The film rightly opens with the last lines of the poem of “Masque of Anarchy” by the British poet, “Percy Bysshe Shelley” written on the “Peterloo Massacre” in Manchester England in 1819, when 60,000 to 80,000 peaceful demonstrators demanding the reform of parliament were massacred by the British cavalry. “…Rise, like lions after slumber In unvanquishable number! Shake your chains to earth like dew Which in sleep had fallen on you: Ye are many—they are few” Masque of Anarchy/ Percy Bysshe Shelley
88-An iconic melodrama thriller in the interim of the second world war and number 3 on the 100 best American Film list of AFI. Name the film and its two principal actors seen in this image.
Unfortunately Hollywood other than “The Great Dictator” of Charles Chaplin in 1940 right at the inception of the second world war, did not depict the horror of this war much on the world. It was not until after the end of the war, when such films like “The best years of our lives” was released. Throughout the whole war from 1939-1945, there were only “Casablanca” and “Mrs. Miniver”, but yet not directly, such as what had been well depicted of the casualties of war in for example “All quiet on the western front” about the WWI. “Mrs. Miniver” of William Wyler that won the major awards of the best picture, the best director, the best screenplay and the best actress awards at the Oscar in 1942, and was filmed in US, portraying marginally the impact of the war on the lives of petti-bourgeoisies of London, England during the bombardment of the city. But the film barely shows any real air raids on the city as one expected, but the shadows and the sounds of such attacks. “Casablanca” of Michael Curtiz in comparison with the major films in interim of 1942-1945, right in the heat of the second world war, is perhaps the most important to address an impact aspect of the war. Although the film is far from depicting the crime and the casualties of the war, like the earlier “All quiet on the western front” of the first world war, it marginally achieves indirectly to show some damages of the war. Casablanca of Morocco, already a colonial of France from her 19th century imperial hunger, was a refuge for the escapees of the Nazi’s war, mostly bourgeoisies or petti-bourgeoisie to find a path of escape to America. Although in the film the refugee seeking path of Casablanca to Lisbon and America is historically wrong, nether less, that exotic town was such a hide out from Nazi’s prosecution and also a hide out to spend some good time away from the war in its night clubs and casino’s such as Rick’s (played by Humphrey Bogart).
89-A simple and beautiful film of the reality of the children's minds and world and the first Iranian film to be nominated for the best foreign language film at Oscar but to lose to "Life is beautiful" of Roberto Bengini. Name the film and its director.
In the same year of 1997 when Hollywood continues with her blockbuster films making with Titanic, The Lost World: Jurassic Park, Men in Black, Tomorrow never dies, Air Force One, As Good as it gets, and The Fifth Element among many more, a low budget, simple and honest film about the bitter and sad reality of life far from Hollywood surprises and enlightens critics and the audiences to shame worldwide. “Children of Heaven” by Majid Majidi is an example of daily story of many poor children in Iran and similarly in many other underdeveloped or third world countries in middle east, Africa, Asia, and Latin America. They are the children of earth that in fact belong to heaven and are “Children of Heaven”.
90-An ultimate cinematic experience and number 7th on this site's the greatest films of all time. Name the film and its creator.
It took almost 30 years until someone applied some of the multitude of the camera and cinematographic techniques of Dziga Vertov in “Man with a movie camera” into a film with storyline. That one surprisingly came once again from Russia and was Mikhail Kalatozov who masterfully from the start to end used camera, cinematography, hence the powerful visual effects of cinema into a gripping melodrama. “The Cranes Are Flying”, a sweet love story in blooming, withers by the start of invasion of the Nazis to Russia, along with the loss of many other dreams, hopes and lives. The only Soviet film to win the Palme d’Or, the grand prize of the Cannes Film Festival, was written by Victor Rozov, cinematography by Sergey Urusevsky and Mikhail Kalatozov and the music score of Moisey Vaynberg. Unfortunately film itself not as much as the film’s main protagonist, Tatyana Samojlova who played the role of Veronika, the young beautiful broken hearted lover attracted the attention of the western critics and millions of Europeans at the time.
91-One of the greatest musical films of all time and only the second of the two musicals in this site's greatest films of all time. Name the film, its director and the principal actress.
Adapted from the book of Arthur Laurents and the Broadway musical of the same name directed by Jerome Robbins, the film was directed by Robert Wise who called in Robbins also for collaboration as he did not have any experience in directing musicals. With some inspiration also from the Shakespeare’s Romeo Juliet, a better modern version addressing some American social issues beyond its musical genre, and drama nature of love and hatred. The film stars Natalie Wood in her second major feature role after “Rebel without a cause”, though she played in “Splendor on the grass” at the same year of 1961 as well. Other than her, there are no major stars in the film, but many members of the two gangs of “Sharks” and “Jets” all play well in a concerted fashion that the film needed.
92-A great classic film of the life conditions of miners, by the famous American western filmmaker who received his third out of four Oscars (all for his non-western films) for this film. Name the film and the director.
“How Green was my Valley” film was adapted from a 1939 novel of the same title by Richard Llewellyn, about the suffrage of a mining community and the condition of the miners then in Wales, England. The film was directed by John Ford, the most productive American film directors to this day, who was more popular for westerns than dramas. But surprisingly, Ford the most Oscar winning of any filmmakers, with four awards, did not win any for his popular westerns, but for his four dramas of “The Informer” in 1935, “The Grapes of Wrath” in 1940 and the following year in 1941 for “How green was my valley” and finally after 11 years of making many other films, mostly westerns, for “The quiet man” in 1952, another drama with his favourite actor, John Wayne. “How green was my valley” was the only of these four that won the best picture award in 1941, beating “Citizen Kane” for that and even cinematography.
93-A frontier epic in science fiction film made in 1927 by a 37 year old director and number 3 in this site's greatest films of all time. Name the film and its creator.
94-A great film about cinema, love for the films and life at large. Name the film and its director.
“Cinema Paradiso” is a film about cinema, love for the films and how cinema used to be. Depicting what cinema has been like in the lives of people in the past, specially in Italy after the second world war, the film tells such a story in an Italian village. Cinema that has been the major entertainment of all the people across the globe and brought people of all ages close together with all their laughter and tears is shown in “Cinema Paradiso” like a flashback. The film is not just about cinema and love of films, but a love story at three levels. While “Cinema Paradiso” is about love of cinema and films for what it was in the lives of people, it is not just a “history of cinema” like Godard’s. But the film is well written and intertwined with the life itself and true loves in real life. While the film is about films and cinema, it holds tenderly to its own life story that is another classic beautiful film on its own. So Toto, then the teenage Salvatore and later on the adult Salvatore, Alfredo and Elena all become stars of their own lives and the film “Cinema Paradiso”. The film that is basically a flashback on cinema, specially the classic films with all their glamour, stars, romances, laughter and tears, it is a flashback on the lives of the subject of the film, specially Slavatore, who as an adult filmmaker in Rome, recaptures his childhood and teenage life when he receives the news of the death of Alfredo. Before returning home back to the village of Giancaldo in Sicily for Alfredo’s funeral, he remembers his childhood, his growing love for cinema, his friendship with Alfredo, then his love for Elena that all changed for ever.
95-Influenced by Carl Gustav Jung's collective psychology and experimenting LSD, this filmmaker made his masterpiece, number 9th of the greatest films of all time in this site's list. Name the film and the director.
Finally Federico Fellini after his efforts in the 1950’s on neo-realism with films such as “La Strada”, and partly realistic, partly intellectual, and partly Avant Garde “La Dolce Vita”, and reading Carl Gustav Jung’s collective psychology and experimenting LSD, he creates the “8 ½”. The title of the film refers to its being Fellini’s eighth and a half film as a director, with previous six features, two shorts, and a collaboration with another director, Alberto Lattuada, as a “half” film. A surrealistic, symbolic, satirical drama-comedy of real life mixed with dreams and imaginations, “8 1/2”, is a film that marks Fellini not as a great filmmaker, but brings out a style in cinema that’s totally Fellini’s. Borrowed from other previous surrealistic works on the screen such as Luis Bunuel’s, and symbolic and allegorical films of Bergman (Seventh Seal and Wild Strawberries), and intellectual neorealism of Antonioni (L’Avventura), adding Jungian’s cultural psychology, Fellini creates a style of his own in “8 ½”.
96-A heroic and beautiful documentary exposing the mass crimes of a dictatorship. Name the film.
"Nostalgia for the Light” is a heroic while beautiful documentary by Patricio Guzman who has been long popular around the world for his documentaries of Chilean struggles for freedom and democracy in 1970’s. His “Battle of Chile” made between 1975 to 1979 in three parts and his documentary “Salvador Allende” in 2004 from his election to the presidency until the coup by the dictator general Pinoche who put Chile into the darkness for decades, has already made Guzman a political spokesman of his country at least on the screen. “Nostalgia for the Light” is another heroic documentary exposing the mass crimes of Pinoche many years before through the search of the families of the victims who were murdered and buried in the Altacama Desert in Chile. This nostalgia happens and shown on the screen by Guzman elegantly under the enormous starry lights of the desert that is known globally and is used as the site for the observation and studies of universe by international astronomers with their huge observatory and telescope.
97-Still no heist and hostage taking film can beat this 1975 feature. Name this great classic film and its creator.
Sydney Lumet with a great portfolio as a filmmaker, starting his debut with his masterpiece “12 Angry Men” in 1957, created one or two films every year afterwards, until his great film of “Serpico” in 1973. Shortly after he made another masterpiece “Dog Day Afternoon” in 1975 again with Al Pacino and just a year after another great work “Network” in 1976. Though he touches on different topics, he is the best in examination of social issues and psychological struggles of modern humans as in his above three great films. Lumet as an “actor director” was a master of pulling the best performances out of different actors whom he directed. He brought out one of the best performances from Henry Fonda and Lee J. Cobb in “12 Angry Men” and the best of Al Pacino in “Dog Day Afternoon” and from Peter Finch in “Network”.
98-A great classic revealing the human's greed and the best performance by Humphrey Bogart. Name the film and its director.
Since “Greed” of Erich von Stroheim in 1924, and the “Gold Rush” comedy of Charles Chaplin in 1925, there had not been any film to address the greed of man for gold and wealth, the main incentive of white Europeans to immigrate to the new world of America. The film, perhaps the greatest work of the American Screen writer and filmmaker, John Huston is an adaptation of B. Tavern’s 1927 novel of the same name. John Huston who gave his father a role in the film as “Howard” or “the old man” granted him an academy award for the best supporting actor, started his film career as a writer. His first triumph in script writing was for the third Hollywood version of “Maltese Falcon” in 1941, and “the Killers” in 1946 of Ernest Hemingway, his only work adaptation on the silver screen that this great American literary liked.
99-Still no filmmaker or cameraman has shown what this 1929 great film has on the screen as an ultimate definition of cinema and the gold standard of filmmaking. Name the film and its great creator.
“Man with a movie camera” of 1929 by Dziga Vertov without any doubt is the ultimate definition of cinema, and the gold standard of filmmaking that any other film should be rated by. Ranking any film or making any list of the greatest film is not complete without having seen this film and comparing others with this film that has been made almost 90 years ago. Only “The Battleship Potemkin” by Sergie Eisentein that was made four years earlier could stand above this film, for being an earlier creation, having invented some cinematographic and filming techniques prior to this masterpiece, and also having a story to show. Surprisingly both films are made by two Russian film masters, who defined cinema at its inception. One believing in the medium for telling story and narrative, while conveying ideology and provoking emotions (Eisenstein), whereas the other used the screen to experiment the art and techniques of cinema, camera movements and editing, albeit conveying his poetry (Vertov).
100-A fiction about the reality of a land that “If you run the beast catches you, if you stay the beast eats you”. Name the film and its director.
While cinema in Hollywood and the western countries falls at a non-imaginable speed, the global cinema in other countries such as Mexico, Iran, China and Brazil rises. “City of God” in a big surprise comes out of Brazil, a country that had never released a major feature film. This time and this film is not about poverty, children and war torn lands, but about all of these and more. Ironically the city of God is not a religious city running by God or his representatives, but it is a slum outskirt of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, far away from the postal card beauty of its beaches. In the city of God, poverty, guns, violence and drug lords and ruthless gangs rule. In the city of God worse than the war torn lands of Africa and middle east, the children are armed and dangerous, so “If you run the beast catches you, if you stay the beast eats you”. Directed by Fernando Meirelles who started filmmaking in late 80s with not much success internationally, City of God brought global attention to him so that three years later in 2005 was hired by producers in England, US and Germany to make “The Constant Gardner” with a full English and American cast. The film’s opening symbolically and at the same time realistically introduces the City of God to the audience by showing a large blade is sharpened on a stone to slain chickens. The frightened look of a chicken witnessing the slain of his fellow chickens and being dipped in hot water is smartly amazing. The scared chicken manages to escape and a bunch of boys carrying guns in their hands chase to catch the her on the streets. The boys start shooting at the poor chicken and ask the passer byes to catch her with no reservation to shoot at whoever does not obey their demand. The chicken finally stops between the gang and a young normal boy, Rocket (Alexandre Rodrigues) while all the guns are aimed at him to catch the chicken or will be shot at. Rocket then starts narrating the story of his neighborhood and that his family like many others escaped the expensive Rio to live there in peace.
101-A metaphorical, allegorical and poetic film by a genius filmmaker. Name the film and its creator.
“The Seventh Seal” of Ingmar Bergman that won the Jury special prize at Cannes Film Festival in 1957 is a start of the Swedish filmmaker’s metaphorical, allegorical and poetic film style for the first time into the world of cinema. Although Surrealism in cinema starting in the silent era with “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” of Robert Wiene, then “Un Chien Andalou” of Luis Bunuel had brought an intellectual format and content to the art of film, it was not until Bergman when cinema started to become a medium of intellectual experiments and expressions. This started with “The Seventh Seal” and followed in the same year of 1957 with “Wild Strawberries” by Bergman himself again, until other filmmakers worldwide, such as Michealngelo Antonioni, Federico Fellini, and Jean Luc Goddard among others followed the suit in their own fashions.